Pregnancy is a phenomenon occurring when the male gamete i.e. sperm and the female gamete i.e. ovum fuses.
Every month an egg is released from the ovary which is known as ovulation. This ovum travels into the fallopian tube and stays there for 72 hours. There in the fallopian tube, the sperm gets fused with the ovum by the process of fertilization. After the fertilization, the embryo divides and forms an eight celled stage called morula. The morula then travels to the uterus where it divides and forms a blastocyst. This blastocyst then gets embedded into the lining of the uterus known as implantation. After implantation, the embryo starts developing and it takes 40 weeks to develop into a full-grown baby. This is the time when your baby is ready to meet the outside world.
Various factors exist which affects the pregnancy so it is necessary that a woman must get an early diagnosis as well as proper prenatal care. It will help the would-be-mom to maintain a safe pregnancy and deliver a healthy baby.
Tips for planning pregnancy
Before conceiving you must have a proper plan so that it can reduce the exposure of the foetus to the toxicity of outer world. Let’s consider the key points to ponder:
- Couples who are at risk or having a trait of genetic diseases must opt for a genetic checkup as a step before planning for pregnancy.
- If a couple is suffering from chronic diseases then they must be treated and controlled before conceiving.
- Smoking and drinking alcohol should be prohibited as it may lead to various side effects to both the would-be mom and the baby.
- Healthy weight gain occurs during pregnancy but the increase in weight must depend upon your pre-pregnancy weight.
- While planning to conceive you must consume supplements of folic acids needed to increase the haemoglobin content in the blood. It will help to that it can reduce any neural tube defects.
- Stay active and start exercising while deciding to conceive, as it will help in proper blood circulation and maintain other functions of the body.
- You must do a check-up for Zika virus, Parvovirus, Rubella, etc. prior to conceiving.
- HIV and Thalassemia test is necessary before conceiving as it may become lethal for both the parents and the baby.
Now that you are planning to conceive you must take care of tiny things that will assist you to keep yourself healthy as well as your baby.